Complete Lower Extremity Healthcare

140 Traders Way
Pooler, GA   31322

(912) 330 - 8885



Posts for tag: calluses

By The Foot & Ankle Center, PC
February 08, 2018
Category: Podiatric Medicine

You may not have ever thought about the total scope of what your podiatrist can do but at The Foot & Ankle Center, PC, we want our patients to be aware of all the services we can provide. First off, our podiatrist, Dr. Leonard M. Talarico, is a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine—that’s what the DPM after a podiatrist’s name stands for. To earn that designation, a podiatrist must attend both undergraduate and graduate medical school and also do a 2-3 year residency in the field of podiatric medicine. To be licensed to practice, a podiatrist must also pass state and national exams. In fact, your podiatrist undergoes the same amount of training as any other doctor, except podiatrists focus solely on the anatomy, systems, diseases, deformities and proper functioning of the foot, ankle and lower extremities. Some podiatrists also choose to undergo additional training and testing to become board certified for surgery or other specialties.

What it Means for You

You are most likely aware that the podiatrist can treat common foot conditions such as corns, calluses, ingrown toenails, warts and athlete’s foot. Other areas the podiatrist handles include:

  • Diagnose and treat tumors, skin and nail diseases, ulcers, plantar fasciitis, deformities and any disorder that has to do with the lower extremities including calves, ankles, toes, and feet.
  • Set fractures and treat sprains.
  • Perform surgeries to correct bunions, hammertoes, torn ligaments, and tendons, ruptured Achilles, claw toes, fractures and joint problems.
  • Perform diagnostic procedures such as digital x-rays, ultrasounds, MRIs, lab tests and nerve conductivity tests.
  • Prescribe medications and therapies.
  • Educate patients on how to prevent foot problems.
  • Consult with other physicians and help coordinate care of systemic conditions that affect the feet such as diabetes and arthritis.
  • Fit patients with custom orthotic devices and make recommendations on shoe designs that will accommodate individual foot deformities.

Now that you have a better idea of all that your podiatrist can do, feel free to contact our Pooler, GA office by calling (912) 330-8885 with any questions you might have or to make an appointment for a consultation. 

By The Foot & Ankle Center, PC
October 18, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions   Hammertoes   calluses  

For many women, wearing high heels does not cause immediate foot pain and therefore they fail to see the risk to the health of their feet. At The Foot & Ankle Center, PC, however, we witness every day the cumulative, long-term effects of wearing high heels. Below are some of the more common problems:

Chronic ankle pain/instability—wearing high heels, particularly thin or spiky heels has the effect on your feet of walking on stilts. High heels puts a strain on the muscles surrounding your ankles and creates a situation where those muscles and ligaments have to work extra hard just to keep you upright. Uneven pavement, cracks in the sidewalk and soft ground can cause your ankle to twist easily and result in a sprain. Continuing to wear high heels after an ankle sprain strains already damaged ligaments and muscles, making repeated injuries more likely and leading to a cycle that causes chronic weak ankles and pain.

Hammertoes—the elevation at the heel forces the toes forward and down and causes them to constantly push up against the front of the shoe. This can eventually result in the bending of one or more toes (particularly if you have one toe longer than the others) into the “hammer” shape that gives the deformity its name.

Bunions—in most high heel shoes the toe box is narrow. In addition to pushing toes down, toes are squeezed together and this pressure can hasten or worsen the development of a bunion. The big toe joint is encouraged to leave its normal place and the whole toe begins to move toward the center of the foot.

Calluses and Corns—when toe deformities such as hammertoes and bunions form, calluses and corns often follow. This is because now there is a part of the toe that is enlarged or out of normal position and therefore shoes, which are not designed to accommodate the change, begin to rub and put pressure on the deformity.  Corns and calluses form in response to that pressure, causing additional pain and discomfort.

If you are currently experiencing foot or toe pain or discomfort, it’s important to make an appointment at our Pooler, GA office sooner rather than later. Most foot problems associated with high heels are progressive and will only get worse over time. Our podiatrist, Dr. Leonard M. Talarico, can help slow the progress and possibly even reverse the effects of the damage. 

By The Foot & Ankle Center, PC
June 23, 2017
Category: Foot Care Tips
Tags: blisters   corns   calluses   bruises  

Most of the time we take our feet for granted.  When we consider all the hard work that are feet do, however, and what life looks like when our feet are not functioning properly and the limits that imposes on our active lives, it makes sense to invest some time in taking care of them. At The Foot & Ankle Center, PC, we want to educate our patients about what makes feet healthy and how to spot changes that may indicate a potential podiatric concern. Below are 5 signs that your feet are healthy:

  1. Absence of discomfort and pain. We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: pain is not normal. It’s not an inevitable consequence of aging. In many instances, pain is the result of repetitive pressure on your feet, improperly fitting footwear or being overweight. If you have pain but are unsure of its cause, let our podiatrist, Dr. Leonard M. Talarico, evaluate your foot. Delaying treatment for foot pain almost always leads to worsening symptoms and a more difficult condition to treat.
  2. Good balance. Depending on your age, you should be able to stand on one foot with your arms outstretched to your sides and your eyes closed somewhere between 7 and 15 seconds. Good balance helps prevent falls.
  3. Flexibility. You should be able to flex all parts of your feet and toes without joint pain. Good tests of flexibility include being able to pick up a marble or small piece of cloth with your toes and being able to lower your heel off a step without pain.
  4. Normal appearance. Skin should be clear of rashes, redness, blisters and bruises. Swelling, change in the shape of your foot, corns and calluses may all indicate an underlying issue. Toes should all be straight and properly aligned.
  5. Full range of sensation. If you take the eraser on the end of a pencil and gently trace a line on the sides, bottom and top of each foot you should have equal feeling in all areas. Lack of sensation may indicate nerve trouble.

It takes only a few minutes on a monthly basis to check the above aspects of foot health. This small investment of time can have a big payoff in preventing debilitating and disabling foot problems. If you have any concerns about any part of your feet or ankles, make an appointment at our Pooler office. Not only will our foot doctor diagnose and treat your foot issue, he will also help you devise a health care regimen that will protect your feet and help you live the healthy lifestyle you love. Don’t put off getting a foot issue taken care of. Contact us today at: (912) 330 – 8885.

By The Foot & Ankle Center, PC
April 19, 2017
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: hammertoe   corns   calluses   orthotic devices  

At The Foot and Ankle Center, PC we find that patients know how to identify a hammertoe by its telltale appearance but they don’t know much about what causes this deformity or how it can be treated. Below are some questions and answers about this common foot condition:

What causes hammertoe? Most of the time hammertoe (which can affect the second, third or fourth toe) is the result of a muscle/tendon imbalance that can occur in the toe due to a structural problem or a neurological change in the foot. If one toe is longer than the others and is constantly cramped in the shoes a patient wears that can also cause a hammertoe to form. Sometimes a hammertoe can be traced to an earlier trauma to the toe. The tendency for hammertoes can be genetic.

Are hammertoes painful? Yes, on a couple of levels. First the cramping of the toe causes pain in the toe itself but there are also secondary wounds that occur such as corns and calluses due to the friction from rubbing against footwear and the pressure put on the ball of the foot from the unnatural position of the toe. Balance can be affected as well.

Will hammertoes go away if left untreated? No. Hammertoe is a progressive condition. Although it may progress at different rates in different patients it will not disappear without treatment. As it progresses, the toe will become more rigid and difficult to straighten.

What treatment options are available for hammertoe? Our foot and ankle surgeon, Dr. Leonard M. Talarico will do a complete examination of your foot and toe and may order an x-ray to see the full extent of the deformity and to use as a gauge for tracking progression of the hammertoe. Once the foot doctor has determined the severity of your hammertoe he can prescribe treatment which may involve any or all of the following: medication, orthotic devices, shoe modifications and exercises. If you have corns or calluses padding may also be recommended to protect these areas.

Hammertoe is best treated in its early stages. If you notice this tendency with one of your toes, make an appointment at our Pooler office and let us help you get relief and prevent a more crippling condition from developing.

By The Foot & Ankle Center, PC
December 20, 2016
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: calluses   bone spur   corn  

A callus is a hardened, thick patch of skin. At The Foot & Ankle Care Center, PC, we find that most patients believe that calluses are a skin problem but in reality, they are a sign of a bone problem. A bone spur or a bone that is enlarged or protrudes is subject to pressure from your shoes when you walk. Over time, in response to this pressure, a callus or corn forms. (Corns are similar to calluses but they have a hard “corn kernel” like center.) The callus is actually your body’s way of protecting the tissue between the bone and the outer layer of your skin.

Calluses most often form on the heel, ball or side of your foot or on your toes, depending on the cause. A plantar callus can develop on the bottom of the heel, for example, in cases where one metatarsal bone is lower or longer than the rest. An intractable plantar keratosis refers to a callus under the ball of your foot which caused when one metatarsal head is lower than the others and therefore receives an excessive amount of pressure because it hits the ground first, getting the full force of all your weight.

When is Treatment Needed?

Although a callus may not be painful initially, as it grows larger it may start to cause you considerable discomfort. Calluses press on nerves and can cause bursal sacs to become inflamed which can make your foot hurt—anything from a dull ache or sore feeling to sharp, shooting pains. Calluses and corns can also become irritated on the outside as friction from footwear and repeated rubbing create blisters and sores.

Ultimately, the underlying cause of the callus needs to be treated. Our board certified foot and ankle surgeon, Dr. Leonard M. Talarico, will get your medical history and conduct a thorough examination of your foot. The podiatrist will also want to know about your work and activities to help hone in on what’s forcing the callus to form. There are a number of treatments to help elimina

te calluses but without eliminating their cause calluses are likely to return and grow larger.

If you have discovered a corn or callus on your foot, make an appointment at our Pooler office by calling: 912-330-8885 to find out the best treatment plan for you.


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140 Traders Way
Pooler, GA 31322

Podiatrist / Foot Surgeon - Pooler / Savannah • Leonard M. Talarico, DPM • 140 Traders Way • Pooler GA  31322 • 912-330-8885